Custom web.config settings in SharePoint
Posted by Clayton James on March 19, 2008
I have come across two ways to modify the web.config with custom nodes when using SharePoint. Yes, I know SharePoint solutions (.wsp) allow you to update web.config for safe control entries and other areas but this model doesn’t allow for any modification you want…lets say a WCF service <system.serviceModel>.
You can use the SPWebConfigModification class that is inside the Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.dll. Its purpose is to write nodes and attributes into the web.config file. This is a great approach when you want to deploy your custom settings via a features/solutions deployment.
SPWebService service = SPWebService.ContentService; SPWebConfigModification myModification = new SPWebConfigModification(); myModification.Path = “configuration/SharePoint/SafeControls”; myModification.Name = “SafeControl[@Assembly='MyCustomAssembly'][@Namespace='MyCustomNamespace'][@TypeName='*'][@Safe='True']“; myModification.Sequence = 0; myModification.Owner = “User Name“; myModification.Type = SPWebConfigModification.SPWebConfigModificationType.EnsureChildNode; myModification.Value = “<SafeControl Assembly=’MyCustomAssembly’ Namespace=’MyCustomNamespace’ TypeName=’*’ Safe=’True’ />”; service.WebConfigModifications.Add(myModification); /*Call Update and ApplyWebConfigModifications to save changes*/ service.Update(); service.ApplyWebConfigModifications();
So the above code would go in a FeatureReceiver event when activated and removed when deactivated.
If you want to write custom nodes into a web.config when the web application is first created you could also do the following.
When a Web Application is first created WSS copies the web.config file from C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\CONFIG to the root folder of the Web Application. But before this file is copied it checks the CONFIG directory for any xml file that has a name in the format webconfig.*.xml and merges the contents with the web.config.
So you would create a file called webconfig.myname.xml and save it to C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\CONFIG
However, this approach will not modify existing web applications.
<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″ ?>
<add key=”MyFilePath” value=”C:\temp\path\” />
<remove name=”MySqlServerConnection” />
<add name=”MySqlServerConnection” connectionString=”server=[server];database=
db];Integrated Security=SSIP;” providerName=”System.Data.SqlClient” />
So this needs to be completed on each web front end server. So to eliminate the manual approach again you can and package this up into a solution so WSS manages the deployment across the farm.
Add the file to a solution. A file to be deployed to the CONFIG folder can be inserted by using the <RootFile> element:
<Solution xmlns=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/” SolutionId=”GUIDHERE”>
<!– rest of solution manifest here
<FeatureManifests>… and other elements